How is examined for repeated miscarriages during pregnancy?

  1. By elucidation of abortus habitualis doctor will at first consultation with you and using previous records to try to get an overview of the progress of the previous pregnancies. This can often be a rather complicated affair, and it is recommended that the couple prior to trying to write the information about previous pregnancies, down (date, how far were you at what was the treatment). In addition, the doctor will collect information about your health ceasefire and on the presence of significant hereditary factors in your family
  2. By three abortions or more referred to the gynecologist who will carry out a study of the uterus by ultrasound scan and a comprehensive risk assessment
  3. Apart from scanning, background and information about the woman’s age, one can give a reasonable estimate of the chance that the next pregnancy goes well without any treatment. This can be a great help when a couple must consider if they dare try new pregnancy, as well as whether they should take against the elucidation and any treatment services, which are resource-intensive and may have side effects


How made the diagnosis?

3 or more repetitive abortions, where pregnancy is detected with urine HCG, ultrasound or tissue study.


What treatment is there?

In General, we must unfortunately say that the vast majority of treatments of abortus habitualis is not very well substantiated by scientific studies. Since sandsyligheden of pregnancy without any treatment after three or four abortions is still fairly large, will any treatment actions result in many successful pregnancies, even if treatment is ineffective. Therefore, all treatments of abortus habitualis, in principle, be tested in clinical controlled studies at centres specifically savvy. By consideration of medical treatment, of course, it is also important to use only medications in the early phase, as we know, do not give birth defects.


After 3 miscarriages


If you have three miscarriages one after the other, there is still a high probability that this has been done by a mere coincidence, and there is a good chance that the next pregnancy is progressing normally. Chances are even better, if you have previously completed a normal pregnancy, studied by automotiveqna. Abortions can lead to mental health problems, and such problems in pregnancy may increase the risk of a new abortion. Perhaps psychological support in early pregnancy may reduce the risk of a new abortion with those with unexplained abortions. In most cases this will be an ultrasound scan to see if the uterus is normal. When pregnancy occurs, will follow the pregnancy with ultrasound scan every two weeks until you reach 12. week.


After 4 or more spontaneous abortions


By more than three abortions, or if you have previously had a late abortion, your mother or sister has aborted several times, or you have a so-called autoimmune disease may be offered further elucidation.


This may include blood tests, in which your immune system, the blood’s clotting ability or your chromosomes studied.


If there is shown a chromosomal error with either father or mother may refer to the genetic counseling, where you are trying to find out whether the defect may result in risks to the fetus, or about to be made special studies of a new pregnancy.


In some cases, a treatment with blood thinners in the next pregnancy be topical.


More special treatments are only at an experimental level.


How is long-term prospects?

They will depend on the number of abortions and births in the woman and a number of other factors such as age, smoking, alcohol, obesity and the presence of endocrine or immunological diseases.


How do I avoid getting or exacerbating repeated miscarriages?

By avoiding harmful influences like smoking, alcohol and obesity and ensure that any medical diseases are successfully treated.

Fetal Development in Pregnancy

According to foodezine, a pregnancy involving the whole of the female reproductive system, including the ovaries, fallopian tubes, uterus, and vagina.


After an egg has loosened itself from the ovary and has been fertilized, slides it slowly through the fallopian tube to the uterus. Along the way sharing egg in 2, 4, 8 etc. -until it has been for approximately 100 cells. The egg, or embryo, is now called a blastocyst and implanting in the lining of the uterus. The fetus will grow and develop in the uterus of the following nine months, until the child is born.


When the fetus is fully developed, and birth approaching, the child will undergo a series of movements, which prepares it to come through the birth canal. Described by gametate, when the uterus begins to contract, and contractions are regular, open the cervix gradually. The baby’s head, which is usually at the forefront, will eventually pass and move on through the vagina, while contractions continues until the baby comes out in the world – in most cases with the face turned backwards.


Baby come on the mother’s breast to rest and reinforce the tape between mother and child. The newborn child loses easy heat.


Artificial Insemination in Pregnancy

Testes in adult men produce about half a billion sperm each day. This stands in contrast to the woman’s ovaries are stimulated to mature as a few eggs each month. Typically, only one of these eggs reach maturation and could be fertilized. Fertilization can only occur during ovulation – the time in a woman’s monthly cycle, where the mature egg detaches itself from hbbltd the ovary and then pass through the fallopian tube to the uterus. For fertilization to occur, one sperm must fertilize the mature eggs, while it is in the fallopian tube. The fertilized egg must then attach itself in the uterus, so that it can create an embryo — the precursor to a fetus.


Infertility is the inability in a natural way to produce an embryo, in spite of the fact that we have been trying to get pregnant for at least a year. Such a situation may be due to factors both in man and in woman for .


Artificial insemination or in vitro fertilization (IVF), is a highly specialized technique, which is used to help an infantile couple to achieve pregnancy. On a typical IVF procedure treated the woman first with hormones, which stimulate the production of more mature eggs. As soon as these eggs are mature, implemented a needle through the vagina in order to remove the eggs. The eggs are placed in a specially-prepared laboratory dish so.


After a process called spermievaskning by healthvv, mixing sperm with eggs. This can be done by using another needle to syringe a sperm into the egg. Or sperm can be placed together with the eggs in a special laboratory dish. When the eggs begin to divide into many cells, it is sign that fertilization has occurred. An embryo must be put into the uterus approximately 2 – 5 days after fertilization.


By the insertion of an embryo uses a flexible tube, a catheter which enters through the vagina and cervix and into the uterus. The embryo is placed so the uterus via the catheter. At the same time gives you medications, which can increase the likelihood that the embryo gets stuck in the uterus. In order to increase the chance of a successful pregnancy, can be more than an embryo, but it increases the risk of twins or even more children.

Amniocentesis (Amniocentese) During Pregnancy

The fetus develops during pregnancy in the uterus in about 9 months. Inside the uterus the embryo is surrounded by fluid. Amniotic fluid or amniotic fluid makes it possible for a fetus to float and move inside the uterus.


Amniotic fluid also works shock absorber and protects the fetus from damage and helps to maintain a constant temperature in the uterus.


Amniotic fluid test is offered to pregnant women who develop special risk factors during pregnancy, or who have a familial background with hereditary diseases. Amniotic fluid can be examined for chromosomal error and some other inherited diseases. You should be aware that a normal chromosome response is not a guarantee of giving birth to a normal child.


The procedure is done by financedns first with ultrasound examines how the fetus is. (Use of ultrasound throughout the villus sample, so you can keep up with all the time, where both the fetus and the needle is located.) Then insert a long, thin needle into the uterus and into the amniotic fluid in a safe distance from the fetus, and approximately 30 ml of amniotic fluid is pulled out. After the procedure is complete, will foster the activity be checked with ultrasound in a short period of time.

Nuchal Translucency Scan And Double Test


  • Nuchal translucency scan and double test is a nation-wide offer for all pregnant women in Denmark
  • By nuchal translucency scan and double test to make a probability calculation for down syndrome (trisomy 21) and two more rare syndromes: Pataus syndrome (Trisomy 13) and Edwards syndrome (Trisomy 18)
  • You get information on nuchal translucency scan and double testing with your own physician at the first pregnancy study by aparentingblog.


What is down syndrome?

Also called trisomy 21, down syndrome is the most common cause of mental retardation. Downs syndrome may also be associated with physical health problems. Children with Down syndrome may have congenital heart defects, said Down syndrome is caused by a chromosomal error, that is a bug in the inheritance system.


The risk of becoming pregnant with a fetus with down’s Syndrome will depend on, among other things, of your age. The older you are, the greater the risk.


What can double the test or nuchal translucency scan?

Using nuchal translucency scans and double test get in an assessment of the risk of down’s syndrome with your foster. By combining the two studies you will find today approximately 90% of all fetuses with Down syndrome.


In sheep also made an assessment of the risk of two very rare syndromes: Pataus syndrome (Trisomy 13) and Edwards syndrome (Trisomy 18).


If you are pregnant with twins, one can also calculate the risk of each fetus.


Double test

Double test is a blood test, which examines your blood for two proteins (PAPP-A and beta-HCG). The two proteins are formed in your placenta. If you’re carrying a fetus with Down Syndrome will be the amount of the two proteins in the blood often be different than if you carry a quick birth.


Nuchal translucency scan

According to beautyphoon, nuchal translucency scan is an ultrasound scan, as you can get, when you are 11 to 14 full pregnancy weeks. By nuchal translucency scan gets you measured the narrow fluid column – called the neck fold – as your fetus has in the neck region. The larger the neck fold your foster has, the greater is the risk of Downs syndrome. If you are more than 14 weeks pregnant, pregnancy, one cannot use the nuchal translucency scan.


By nuchal translucency scan will be your foster not examined for anomalies, apart from a few, very severe malformations, as can be seen at this point in the pregnancy. When you are between 18 and 20 full pregnancy weeks, you will be offered a through scan of malformations.


How does nuchal translucency scan?

Nuchal translucency scan is done by a scan on your stomach. It may sometimes be necessary to scan through the vagina. By nuchal translucency scan assesses only the size of your fetus, and afterwards measured nuchal fold on your fetus. The whole survey takes about ½-1 hour. Nuchal translucency scan is performed best when there is urine in the bladder.


When in the pregnancy going on investigations?

Double test – in other words, the blood test-must be taken first. It is best that you get taken double the test in good time before the nuchal translucency scan, so they have blood test the answer before scanning. You must, however, be more than full 8 pregnancy weeks pregnant, before you can take the blood sample.


Nuchal translucency scan you must have made when you’re between 11 weeks + 3 days and 13 weeks + 6 days at – calculated from the first blødningsdag in your last menstrual period or alternatively after early scanning.


Time ordering

At the first pregnancy study with your own doctor – entertainmentdns – you will be asked whether you want a nuchal translucency scan. Your doctor will note your request on svangrepapirerne, which will be sent to the birthplace. If you want a nuchal translucency scan, you will receive a call from the birthplace or receive information on how you can make an appointment over the Internet or phone. Your own doctor can tell you how it is done, in the part of the country you live in.


How do I get the result of the investigation

Immediately after you have been scanned, calculate the overall risk for down syndrome. With in the calculation included your age, how far you are at in the pregnancy, if necessary. previous pregnancies with down’s syndrome, neck size, as well as the answer to this double test. You’ll get your answer, while you are in the Department.


What says the answer?

You will get an explanation of the answer of the doctor or sonograf (midwife or nurse) who has examined you. The answer is a risk calculation and therefore is not whether the fetus says has a chromosomal error or not, but only if you have a low risk or increased risk. At increased risk, you will be offered a CVS.

Repeated Miscarriages During Pregnancy


  • Recurring Miscarriages is a condition where a woman experiencing spontaneous abortion before the end of 22. weeks pregnant
  • A number of factors such as being overweight, smoking, alcohol, malformations of the uterus and autoimmune diseases increases the risk
  • Diagnosis consists of conversation, objective examination and chromosome study of paired and coagulation elucidation of the woman, after which there shall be an individual plan
  • Additional immunological elucidation is a specialist task, which takes place at the national hospital’s fertility clinic


What is the repeated miscarriages?

Spontaneous abortion means loss of pregnancy without external intervention, said by legalarmist before the fetus has reached viability. All pregnancy loss from the time of fertilization to 22 weeks of pregnancy, therefore, belong under the concept of length miscarriage. Repeated miscarriages is defined as three or more miscarriages in a row.


Involuntary abortion – also called spontaneous abortion-unfortunately happens quite often. Between 25 and 30 couples find that one or more pregnancies ends with a miscarriage. Although 15% of all identified pregnancies ending in miscarriage, so the total number is estimated to be closer to 50%. Most of the undiscovered abortions happening so early in the pregnancy, the woman has not yet reached to discover that she is pregnant. In 10-12% of all pregnancies occur abortion so late that a foster facility can be accessed by an ultrasound scan. In these cases it is most often necessary with medical induction of abortion or a curettage.


How frequent is repeated miscarriages?

Barely 1% of all women miscarry three or more times in a row, and in these cases we are talking about abortus habitualis. Fortunately for most women succeed with abortus habitualis to get their wished-for child for a larger or smaller number of pregnancies. Unfortunately, there is also a smaller group that continues to abort in pregnancy after pregnancy. See more on loverists.


What is the reason for repeated miscarriages?

There can be many explanations that a pregnancy progresses to a miscarriage, but over half of the cases are due to chromosomal defects in the fetus. The process of making a child is complicated, and you encounter errors in inheritance installations easily. You could say that a miscarriage often is nature’s way to dispose of defective foetuses. The risk of chromosomal defects in the fetus rises, the older women, and at the same time, the risk is greater for spontaneous abortion.


Since miscarriages are so frequent, there are also some who just randomly have three miscarriages in a row. The biggest risk factor to abort is the woman’s age, and the risk of three miscarriages in a row increases the older the woman is. The man’s age has little or no effect on miscarriage risk.


The woman’s age and the risk of miscarriage:

In 19 years, 20-24 years 13% 11%, 25-29 years 30-34 years, 12%, 15%, 25%, 35-39 years 40-44 years 50%, over 45 years 93%


The chance to carry out a pregnancy also depends on the number of previous miscarriages.


For a young woman, who has not previously had a child, is the risk of a new abortion:

After no abortions 11%

After 1 miscarriage 15%

After 2 miscarriages 25%

After 3 miscarriages 45%

After 4 miscarriages 55%

A woman with three previous miscarriages and no children has 50-60% chance of having a baby in the next pregnancy. If the woman has previously given birth to a child, is the chance of another child in the next pregnancy 80%, according to petsinclude.


Generally, the greater the number of abortions it previously had, the older you are and the fewer normal pregnancies have been carried out, the greater the risk of a miscarriage.


What are the symptoms of repeated miscarriages?

Bleeding and pain as if by spontaneous abortion, but 3 or more times.


What symptoms you should pay particular attention to?

Bleeding and pain.


Why are there some who get repeated miscarriages?

The incidence of repeated spontaneous abortions (1%) is clearly higher than what would be expected by a mere coincidence, and it suggests that there may be an underlying cause. While the vast majority of miscarriages are caused by a chromosomal defects in the fetus, can also join, repeated abortions if the fetus has normal chromosomes.


Unfortunately, it is rarely possible to find a cause of abortus habitualis, and it is even harder to find a cause that we can do something about.


Malformation of the uterus


Malformations of the uterus, which can be of importance for abortus habitualis, found in about 5%. It can be about a septum in uterus or fibroids (fibroids). The uterus is examined with ultrasound scan, and the investigation may be supplemented with water scan, which introduced a little sterile saline into the uterine cavity or an endoscopy.


Chromosomal aberrations


By more than three miscarriages, one can examine the fetal chromosomes. Since most sporadic abortions is due to a chromosomal defects in the fetus, are abnormal chromosomes is a good sign, suggesting that abortion is a coincidence. Is that normal chromosomes in the fetus, there is a higher risk for a second reason for abortion. Chromosome analysis of one or both parents is made by four abortions or more, or if there has also been an abortion in 2 trimester (between 12 and 22 weeks pregnant), or there is a familial predisposition for repeated abortions. The test shall be carried out on a sample of blood, where the chromosomes in the cells are counted, and their appearance is assessed. With approximately 5% of men/women with abortions habitualis has two chromosome pieces swapped space (called a translocation), and this can cause abortion in up to 50% of the couple’s pregnancies.


Hormone changes


Some studies suggest that women with high concentration of the hormone LH in the blood early in the cycle and women with PCOS (polycystic ovarian syndrome), are at increased risk of miscarrying. Today one more think that the tendency to abort is linked to the onset of diabetes and obesity. In women with diabetes, there is increased risk of miscarrying, if sugar disease is poorly regulated, while a well-regulated diabetes does not result in increased miscarriage risk. The hormone progesterone is produced in the ovary after ovulation, and are in early pregnancy is necessary in order to maintain a pregnancy. For many years it was thought that for low formation of this hormone could be a cause of spontaneous abortion and abortus habitualis. A few cases of abortion is undoubtedly due to progesterone deficiency; but in the vast majority of cases, where one measures a low progesterone with a woman who later miscarry, this is probably the result of the fact that the fetus is not viable for other reasons. In General, there is no basis for treatment with progesterone in the case of repeated abortions.


Immunological relationship


Women with repeated miscarriages have specific antibodies in the blood, more often than women who have had children without problems. Some believe that these antibodies may cause abortion by harming placenta, while the other believe that the antibodies are merely a symptom of the fact that these women have a poorly regulated and aggressively for the immune system. It is difficult to measure the immune system, but the detection of autoantibodies can be followed up with additional studies.


The blood’s clotting ability


Changes in the blood’s clotting factors may have significance for abortus habitualis. Some of these changes are heritable, and is associated with increased risk of blood clots in the placenta, but also increased the risk of blood clots in the legs and lungs. Known predisposing factors for spontaneous abortion is smoking, alcohol abuse, coffee (over three cups daily) and overweight. The importance of these factors, however, is in all probability the message.

Meconium Aspiration Syndrome in Pregnancy

In the womb is the fetal gastrointestinal tract filled with a dark, sticky, green feces, which is called meconium. Inside the uterus, a number of factors can lead to increased bowel activity and relaxation of rectal sphincter. It leads to that meconium into the amniotic fluid. If it happens, will be the amniotic fluid meconium and tilblandet will be unclear and green.


Meconium aspiration syndromemay occur if the fetus comes to inhaling amniotic fluid with meconium. If meconium is sterile, it is irritant and can block the Airways defined by insurancejust. Different situations increases the risk of meconium aspiration, for example, slow birth, fetuses that are small (small for date) by cord-complications, chronic medical conditions and poor growth inside the womb.


Meconium aspiration can cause a partial or complete blockage of the baby’s airway. Mekoniumet will be enclosed in the Airways when the baby breathes out. The involved lung can be greatly expanded, which could lead to a rift in the lung and after following coincidence of the lung (pneumothorax). Meconium can also cause irritation in the baby’s Airways and lungs.


Treatment of meconium aspiration syndrome can be to suck the airway, give antibiotics, the use of a ventilator or other support for the oxygenation of the blood and lung physiotherapy.

Pregnancy: Assisted Birth (Sucker)

During pregnancy a woman’s uterus houses and protects the growing embryo in approximately 40 weeks. When the birth goes in time, examines the child a series of movements, which eases its way down through the birth canal.


Sometimes hands, however, that the child is stuck in the birth canal. This can happen if the child does not occupy the right position if birth stops due to lack of contractions, or if the child is a little large in proportion to the square of the birth canal. The suction cup may also be used by affected heart sound in the child, or if the birthing is very udtrættet.


In these situations, a suction cup coupled to a vacuum pump is used to help out. The suction cup is placed on the baby’s head in the vaginal opening. That is accomplished by suction using a manual or electric pump from growtheology. The doctor pulls with under veen and holder again in most of the break.


Sucked helps to pull the baby out, until the head has come out of the birth canal. At this point remove the Cup, and the birth is continuing as normal.

When offered ultrasound examination in pregnancy?

All pregnant women in Denmark get routinely offered nuchal translucency scan in week 11 + 3 to 13 + 6 (see andyeducation). The pregnant sheep in this respect taken a blood test (double test) with two biochemical markers (PAPP-A and beta-hCG) for trisomy 21. Apart from the thickness of fetal nuchal translucency, the result of double test and the woman’s age is calculated a risk for Down syndrome. If this risk is greater than 1:300, offered the pregnant a placenta or an amniocentesis. By nuchal translucency scan fixed futures time also.


All pregnant women in Denmark also get deals on routine ultrasound examination, carried out in 18-20 week. The purpose of the study is to investigate whether the fetus has some congenital malformations.


In early pregnancy defined by businessjust, it may be necessary to determine whether there exists a normal intact pregnancy. By bleeding in the first trimester (threatening abortion) carried out ultrasound. Suspected pregnancy outside the uterus, carried out ultrasound.


Later in the pregnancy ultrasound is used by cancermatters for control and monitoring of risk pregnancies. There is a suspicion of stunted growth of the fetus. In these cases you can measure the flow conditions in the various blood vessels at fetal to plan the next steps. Women with an increased risk of premature birth can be examined with a measurement of uterine neck length of about 23. week. It is about women who are pregnant with twins or women who previously have born too early.



Early pregnancy scans to the uterus through the vagina (transvaginal ultrasound).


By nuchal translucency scans performed between weeks 11 and 14, to make primarily scanning through the stomach, however, sometimes it may be necessary to scan through the vagina.


By means of scanning in week 18-20 carried out scanning through the stomach.


By transvaginal examination you will be laying on her back with hips lightly raised or in a standard gynecologic examination rent. A lydhoved activity by gel and applied a condom before it is introduced into the vagina.


Transabdominal study performed while lying on your back. That lubrication gel on his stomach to better sound/picture quality. Lydhovedet put on the stomach and the person in charge of the investigation, provided with on screen. Inquiry time depends on what one checks for.


How do I prepare?

The investigation is without physical discomfort.


Ultrasonic investigations in pregnancy is an offer from computerminus, and the pregnant must have both oral and written information, which is a prerequisite to consent to the investigation. Thus shall take the decision to get pregnant carried out ultrasound examinations on the basis of an informed choice.


How dangerous is ultrasound scan in pregnancy?

Ultrasound in connection with pregnancy and childbirth have been used over the last 30 years, referring to estaterealest. There are no studies which suggest that ultrasound have harmful side effects. And there is no radiation risk as by x-ray. Studies of the long-term effects on children who have been exposed to ultrasound in pregnancy, shows no adverse effects, either on growth, language or physical development.

Blaeremola During Pregnancy

Blaeremola is a benign condition, as in rare cases occur in early pregnancy. The uterus is growing faster than expected, the pregnant women develop strong nausea that can get grape-like sacs from the cervix, and it may bleed from the same area. At the ultrasound scan be seen more often than not, a pregnancy that has perished, and there can be seen areas with grape bunches in the uterine cavity. The condition is caused by a chromosomal error. Check out this website for more.